Accomplishing worldwide atomic demilitarization is probably the most established objective of the United Nations. It was the subject of the General Assembly’s first goal in 1946, which set up the Atomic Energy Commission (disintegrated in 1952). The International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons is commended on 26th September every year.
The General Assembly proclaimed the International Day in December 2013 in its resolution 68/32. As a follow-up to the significant level meeting of the General Assembly on nuclear demilitarization held on 26th September 2013, in New York.
This was the most recent in a progression of endeavors to raise public awareness. Also, to look for more profound commitment on atomic demobilization matters. In 2009, the General Assembly had announced 29th August as the International Day against Nuclear Tests (resolution 64/35).
Hence, to watch the day, the UN is supporting occasions both in New York and Geneva. United Nations Information Centers far and wide are urged to bring issues to light to the recognition of International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons.
Honoring this day at the United Nations is particularly significant. Given its all inclusive participation and its long involvement with fighting on atomic demobilization issues. It is the ideal spot to address probably the challenges. Hence, that means accomplishing the harmony and security of a world without nuclear weapons.
The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, which was embraced on 7 July 2017. It marks a significant advance and commitment towards this shared objective of a world without nuclear weapons. Therefore the Treaty reflects growing concerns over the danger with the presence of atomic weapons. As well as consciousness of the disastrous outcomes that would appear if atomic weapons were ever utilized again.
It is the after effect of a worldwide campaign focused on the unsatisfactory quality of the utilization of atomic weapons under any conditions. Also, the expectation that the Treaty’s selection will give recharged force to nuclear demilitarization.
List of Treaties against Nuclear testings
- Unilateral USSR Ban.
- Bilateral Testing Ban.
- Antarctic Treaty System.
- Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (PTBT).
- Outerspace Treaty.
- Treaty of Tlatelolco.
- Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty.
- Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT I).
- Seabed Arms Control Treaty.
- Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
- Agreement on the Prevention of Nuclear War.
- Threshold Test Ban Treaty.
- Peaceful Nuclear Explosions Treaty (PNET).
- Moon Treaty.
- Treaty of Rarotonga.
Effects of Nuclear Testing
- Nuclear fallout results from the soil mixing with radioactive fission products from the weapon.
- The wind carry the debris, and eventually ends up back on earth.
- Acute exposure to radiation may result in radiation sickness or death depending on the dosage, and frequently results in cancer.
- Eye cataracts, hypertension, thyroid disease, and chronic liver disease can occurr.
- Radiation exposure also has serious impacts on plant life. Therefore, it causes DNA damage and chromosomal aberrations. Also, reduces seed germination, cause sterility or reproduction issues, and can kill plants.
- Nuclear testings could affect the marine life and environment.
- It critically contaminates both the land and waterbodies.