International Equal Pay Day is the day devoted to bringing issues to light of the gender pay gap. In the United States, this date represents how far into the year the normal ladies must work so as to acquire what the normal man earns in the earlier year regardless of experience or occupation type. The specific day varies yearly. Equal Pay Day 2020 is on September 18.
The National Committee on Pay Equity firstly observed the representative day in 1996. It is an alliance of ladies’ and civil rights associations, worker unions. Also of professional affiliations and people attempting to dispose sex and race based payment discrimination and to accomplish pay value.
On November 15, 2019, the UN General Assembly received a resolution announcing September 18 as International Equal Pay Day. Thus, the Equal Pay International Coalition (EPIC) presented the resolution. It was done with the help of Canada, Australia, Germany, Panama, New Zealand, South Africa and Switzerland. The International Labor Organization, UN Women and other accomplices lead the EPIC. Its aim is likely to accomplish equal pay for ladies.
Therefore, the day is expected to promote further activity towards the accomplishment of equivalent wages for work of equivalent value. On Equal Pay Day 2020, let us bring issues on surface!
Gender Pay Gap in India
Unequal pay alludes to circumstances where ladies are paid not as much as men for accomplishing a similar work. Hence, the gender pay gap originates from the distinction in the quantity of men versus women who work.
As per the most recent World Economic Forum’s (WEF) Global Gender Gap Report 2018, India positioned 108th out of 149 nations on the sexual orientation gap record. Iceland topped the worldwide rundown for the tenth continuous year, having shut over 85.8% of its general sexual orientation gap.
In a nation like India, the explanations behind gender pay gap can be connected to reasons running from the financial to the basic. Even if some girls are allowed to get educated, many families don’t permit them to work. Apart from that, the regular working women need to take extended leave for maternity and kid care, and even the medical services of other relatives. Each of these variables pave the way to women for lagging behind men with regards to their income.
Hence, the gender pay gap is still very wide in India. The Monster Salary Index (MSI) distributed in March 2019 indicated that, ladies in this country earn 19% lesser than men. The review uncovered that the middle gross hourly pay for men in India in 2018 was ₹242.49, while ₹196.3 for ladies. So this means men earned ₹46.19 more than women.
According to the report, the gender pay gap ranges across key ventures. IT administrations demonstrated a sharp compensation gap of 26% for men, while in the assembling segment, men earn 24% more than ladies.
How COVID-19 impacted Gender Pay Gap in India?
COVID-19 outbreak has financially affected the women around the world. But, in India the situation worsen more as women here face discrimination in many aspects.
In India, less than quarter of ladies are in the labour category among the poor standings in the world. They procure 35% less than men on average contrasted with the worldwide average of a 16% gap. Women include to 49% of India’s populace yet contribute just 18% to its economic yield.
Hence, the nation-wide lockdown for pandemic has risen gender pay gap. There are companies, factories and offices that are working currently in a partial way. Most of these work places aren’t offering their female employees to work but calling the male employees to rejoin. Therefore, this has led to women unemployment or less pay scale.