Continuing from Part -1 of this article here is another list of Indians like Sania Mirza, Sachin Tendulkar, Mahatma Gandhi, Netaji, etc who have made their motherland proud!
Mira Nair was born in Rourkela, Odisha. She is one of the most famous filmmakers around the world. Her documentary film India Cabaret (investigative documentary on the strippers working in Mumbai) won the Best Documentary prize at the American Film Festival. She is best known for films like Mississippi Masala, The Namesake, the Golden Lion-winning Monsoon Wedding and Salaam Bombay!, which was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.
Born in Chidambaram, Tamil Nadu, and a structural biologist by profession, he won the 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry along with Ada E. Yonath and Thomas A. Steitz for studying the function and structure of the ribosome. In 2007, he had won the Louis-Jeantet Prize for his contributions to the field of medicine.
Born in Mumbai, Sania Mirza is an Indian professional tennis player who was formerly ranked No. 1 in the women’s doubles rankings. From 2003 until her retirement from singles in 2013, she was ranked by the WTA as India’s No. 1 doubles player. Throughout her career, Mirza has established herself as the most successful female Indian tennis player in India.
Mirza was named one of the “50 Heroes of Asia” by Time in October 2005. In March 2010, The Economic Times named Mirza in the list of the “33 women who made India proud”. She was also a UN Women’s Goodwill Ambassador for South Asia. She was named in Time magazine’s 2016 list of the 100 most influential people in the world. She is also the recipient of the Arjuna Award (2004), WTA New Comer of the Year (2005), Padma Shri (2006), Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna (2015) and the Padma Bhushan (2016)
Saint Teresa of Calcutta (Mother Teresa)
She was born in Albania but became a naturalized Indian citizen after her years of work and selfless service to the underprivileged of Calcutta’s slums. She was conferred with the 1962 Ramon Magsaysay Peace Prize and 1979 Nobel Peace Prize.
Born in Philadelphia, Bose was an Indian-American entrepreneur and academic behind the revolutionary sound systems of Bose Corporation. Bose’s expertise and research on speaker technology research are world-renowned. He invented one of the world’s first stereo loudspeakers which were more suited for domestic settings and reflected sound fields in various listening atmospheres which we now know as an Audio Equalizer. His focus on psychoacoustics later became a hallmark of his company’s audio products. He also developed an electromagnetic replacement for automotive shock absorbers, intended to radically improve the performance of automotive suspension systems, absorbing bumps and road shock while controlling car body motions. In 2007, he was listed in Forbes 400 as the 271st richest man in the world, with a net worth of $1.8 billion.
Born in Dadar, Bombay, Tendulkar is regarded as one of the world’s greatest ever cricket batsmen! Tendulkar won the cricket World Cup with India in 2011 and has also scored over 30,000 runs in international cricket with many records to his name. Tendulkar is considered as ‘God’ of cricket among Indians.
Born in Porbandar, he is considered as the foremost political leader of the Indian independence movement. It is due to his tenacity and non-violent resilience that the British were forced to retreat and the Indians were able to overthrow British rule. He has inspired millions with his philosophy to this day and also helped alleviate the plight of women and the ‘untouchable’ castes of India.
Lakshmi N. Mittal
The chairman and CEO of the largest steelmaking company in the world – ArcelorMittal. He was listed as the 47th “most powerful person” in the Forbes list of 2012 and was included as one of the “100 most influential persons in the world” by TIME in 2007. He also owns 34% share in Queens Park Rangers Football Club.
Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose
Popularly known as ‘Netaji’, he raised a united Indian Army (INA) of all religious faiths in an attempt to win independence for India. Bose advocated complete unconditional independence for India, whereas the All-India Congress Committee (AICC) wanted it in phases, through Dominion status. Eventually, India attained freedom due to brave hearts like him. His most famous quote/slogans like “Give me blood and I will give you freedom”, Dilli Chalo (“On to Delhi)!, and “Ittihad, Etemad, Qurbani” (Urdu for “Unity, Agreement, Sacrifice”) were really popular with the Indian youth of that time.
India at CERN
Indian scientists have contributed substantially to the building and operation of the Large Hadron Collider Grid (LCG) at CERN which is the European Organization for Nuclear Research. It is one of the world’s largest and most respected centers for scientific research. Its business is fundamental physics, finding out what the Universe is made of and how it works. More than 200 Indian scientists from India’s Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC) and Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) have been involved at CERN in its various physical experiments.
The prominent Indians who are part of the project include Atul Gurtu of TIFR, an expert on particle colliders, Vikas Sinha of the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata, who created a chip to process signals, and Vinod Chauhan employed by CERN to lead the group which tested the magnets. Indian scientists have played a major role in the CMS experiment, which is one of the two experiments that discovered the Higgs Boson.
Indian scientists at CERN have also played a significant role in the ALICE experiment, which is a dedicated experiment for search and study of Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP). Hardware contributions by India to the ALICE detector include the Photon Multiplicity Detector (PMD), the Muon Spectrometer, the MANAS chip, and Silicon pad detectors.